A short sequence located upstream of a gene that controls the regulation. They can become methylated which can lead to the gene "turning off".
- Promoting defense from all sides - Plants and Pipettes
- Cui_2013: Enhancer-like long-range transcriptional activation by lambda ci-mediated dna looping
- Mikkelsen_2007: Genome-wide maps of chromatin state in pluripotent and lineage-committed cells
- Sartorelli_2020: Enhancer RNAs are an important regulatory layer of the epigenome